Minor repairs (minor repairs) are only intended to remedy minor damage to electrical, water and gas installation equipment, heating and cooking equipment, window and door closures and shutter shutters.
Example: the repair of a dripping faucet.
In contrast, minor repairs are no repairs to power lines, water and gas pipes, spas.
This is the responsibility of the landlord. However, the landlord can transfer the regular maintenance of a spa to the tenant. Also, for repairs outside the home, such as the front door or light switches in the stairwell, the tenant can not be required.
The cost issue is not clearly regulated. There are many judgments, up to what amount a repair is a minor repair and what upper limits apply.
An upper limit of 75 to 100 euros is unproblematic, 120 euros should not exceed the contractual regulation. If several small repairs are necessary in one year, the jurisdiction limits the tenant’s total annual burden to a maximum of 6 to 8 percent of the annual cold rent. Excessive agreements invalidate the clause.
For small repairs the tenant has to pay completely or not at all. As soon as the repair costs exceed the upper limit set in the rental contract, the landlord must take over these completely and may not use the tenant pro rata for payment. If the individual repair exceeds the fixed upper limit, the landlord must take over completely. Pro rata payments by the renter are not permitted.
The tenant may also not be required to carry out repairs or maintenance yourself or to order. Likewise, the renter may not not carry out repair work independently or commission craftsmen without agreeing with the landlord. Unless there is no other way or danger in default – for example, an acute pipe break or a gas pipe problem.